Anna Ruggeri Takeshita
   Department   Kyoto University of Foreign Studies  Department of Italian Studies, Faculty of Foreign Studies
   Position   Professor
Language Japanese
Publication Date 2001/03
Type Academic Paper
Peer Review Peer reviewed
Title The Problem of Kōan in Hakuin and in the Present Day -Through the Ten Oxherding Pictures and the Five Ranks of Dong-shan-
Contribution Type Single author
Journal Osaka Prefecture University, The Journal of Culturology
Journal TypeJapan
Publisher The Graduate School of Osaka Prefecture University, The Division of Humanities and Social Sciences
Volume, Issue, Page (10),pp.59-69
Author and coauthor Anna RUGGERI
Details In Zen Buddhism can be found some texts which describe the practices for the awakening as a 'graduate process'. Two well-known examples are the Ten Oxherding Pictures and the Five Ranks of Dongshan. This paper illustrated the meaning of the two texts from the viewpoint of the contemporary understanding. It also tried to clarify the reason why they must be seen as a whole without ranks, though they appear like gradual processes.