クニシ コウスケ   Kosuke KUNISHI
  國司 航佑
   所属   京都外国語大学  外国語学部 イタリア語学科
   職種   准教授
発表年月日 2014/11/16
発表テーマ La letteratura italiana e la letteratura europea nell'estetica di Benedetto Croce(ベネデット・クローチェの美学におけるイタリア文学とヨーロッパ文学)
会議名 Giornata degli italianisti
主催者 Istituto Italiano di Cultura
学会区分 全国学会
発表形式 口頭(一般)
単独共同区分 単独
開催地名 Istituto Italiano di Cultura
発表者・共同発表者 Kosuke KUNISHI
概要 In the works of Benedetto Croce we find many pages about European culture. In "Storia d'Europa del secolo decimonono"(European History of 19th century), published in 1932, Croce's thoughts on Europe are expressed in the clearest form. But almost ten years before "Storia d'Europa", Croce had published a volume entitled "Poesia e non poesia" (Poetry and Non-Poetry) which is worth noting because it contains numerous critical essays on European writers of various origins. According to Croce in "Poesia e non poesia", true art, called "poetry", has a universal character and is therefore able to transcend geographical boundaries which, on a political level, are often the cause of conflicts.
The idea that art and literature were unifying elements of Europe had a long tradition. Before Croce, Goethe and Schlegel had developed the concept of Weltliteratur (world literature) and during the Second World War, Auerbach and Curtius were able to create a vivid picture of European literature, one with "Mimesis" and the other with "European Literature and the Latin Middle Ages". Compared to their works, Croce's work on European literature has its own singularity that we could identify in its non-diachronic character, so to speak. Every true art, according to Croce, is, in fact, individual and universal, so it is not possible to tell a history of literature that groups together all the works of art with diachronic criteria.
In the case of Italian literature, however, we cannot say the same thing. As for the literature of his homeland, Croce paid attention not only to "poetry" but also to "non-poetry" because the latter, according to Croce, has a value, if not artistic then at least historical-cultural. On a practical level, that is, as a critic of literature, Croce dealt with numerous Italian writers and poets, both major and minor, of all the epochs following the birth of Italian literature. In synthesis, for Italian literature Croce often presents himself as a historian of literature, while for European literature he is always a researcher of the universal value of poetry.